At the faintest levels, subjects were best able to detect images whose fractal dimensions were most prevalent in nature. Our fractal fluency begins with the movement of our eyes. When we look at a fractal, our eyes trace a fractal trajectory with a dimension of around 1. Or why patients recover more quickly when their hospital room has a natural view, and why art that takes nature as its subject helps lower anxiety and stress levels.
Take a widely read study published in by Roger Ulrich, an architecture professor who focuses on healthcare design. He and his team examined the medical records of patients recovering from a type of gallbladder surgery in a hospital located in a Pennsylvania suburb. They found, after controlling for other influences, that patients in rooms with a window overlooking leafy trees recovered on average one day faster, suffered from fewer postsurgical complications, and took less pain medication than patients whose window opened up on a brick wall.
More specifically, the nerve cells in the pathway between the visual cortex and parahippocampal place area, where there is a high density of endorphin receptors, exhibit greater levels of activity when people view natural or beautiful scenes. The fractal dimension of art is not always obvious. In a group of researchers decided to investigate the mathematical reason for its appeal to tourists and meditators. Using a technique called medial-axis transformation, they found that the axes of symmetry between the rock clusters formed the fractal contour of a tree.
When the rocks were rearranged in computer simulations, that tree-like structure and its meditative effect were lost.
Hidden Depths: This bare 14th-century meditation garden has an underlying fractal nature, revealed by a mathematical technique called a medial-axis transformation. Photo from Nature Publishing Group.
Susan Blackmore is a psychologist and writer whose research on consciousness, memes, and anomalous experiences has been published in over sixty. Zen and the Art of Consciousness book. Read 17 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Susan Blackmore combines the latest scientific the.
These responses are corroborated by quantitative EEG measurements of brain activity. Mid-dimension fractals produce a strong alpha-wave response which corresponds to a wakefully relaxed state and a strong beta-wave response indicating a high ability to focus. Taylor is continuing to explore these effects now using fMRI techniques, which show that mid-dimension fractals stimulate the parahippocampal region, ventrolateral temporal cortex, and dorsolateral parietal cortex.
The latter two regions are responsible for visual processing and spatial memory, and the first of the three regulates emotions—including emotional reactions to music. Studies have found that both pitch fluctuation and rhythm in classical music, from Bach to Beethoven, have a fractal nature. Fractals are also to be found in literature. In February , a group of researchers at the Institute of Nuclear Physics in Poland published a paper showing that the variation of sentence length in a collection of more than texts in different languages obeyed a fractal pattern.
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New Releases. Zen and the Art of Consciousness. Description Susan Blackmore combines the latest scientific theories about mind, self, and consciousness with a lifetime's practice of Zen. Framed by ten critical questions that are derived from Zen's teachings, Zen and the Art of Consciousness explores how intellectual enquiry and meditation can expand your understanding and experience of consciousness and tackle some of today's greatest scientific mysteries.
Review Text "Sue Blackmore's "formidable intellect and clarity of approach is complemented by a warm and self-deprecating sense of humour. This is written in a brilliant stream of consciousness style which takes the reader along for the ride of deep meditative introspection. It's actually quite demanding on the reader, because introspection is tedious work, but Blackmore's final conclusions are worth it and I've come to many of them during my own years of introspections.
Unfortunately, these conclusions cannot be explanations or truths in themselves; this is the unrealized insight of Blackmore's book: if we accept that consciousnes This is written in a brilliant stream of consciousness style which takes the reader along for the ride of deep meditative introspection. Unfortunately, these conclusions cannot be explanations or truths in themselves; this is the unrealized insight of Blackmore's book: if we accept that consciousness is illusory then we can't trust introspective evidence that consciousness is illusory; it might very well be an illusion of an illusion.
But it's a helpful paradox to find out more. Very Zen. Feb 19, Raul rated it really liked it. We open our eyes and there is the world. Yet scientists have long appreciated how difficult this is to explain. Also we can see clearly only a tiny area around that fixation point, yet it feels as though we are seeing the whole visual scene at once. How does this work? Information goes in through the eye "Vision seems so simple. Information goes in through the eyes, along the optic nerve, through way stations in the mid-brain, and on up to the visual cortex. And then what happens?
The idea of an inner observer has long been rejected, but the idea of an inner picture is more persistent.
Yet this too is problematic. Suppose that right now, while you are reading this book, all the words changed into different words. Would you notice? Yes, of course you would. Suppose now that the words changed just as you moved your eyes. Would you notice then? Or suppose that they changed just as you blinked.
meparkrealco.cf Most people say they would, and are horrified to discover that they probably would not. By paying attention. But this is not the kind of focused attention that brings out details or applies concentration to one thing. In fact it is just the reverse. It is something like paying attention equally to everything.
What is everything? Jul 14, Linh Nguyen rated it liked it. The first half of the book is quite neat and the author raised some important questions of philosophy foundation, of consciousness and Zen. However, Susan began losing her thought from the second half until the end. She broke the rule of not-thinking in Zen and she thought too much and put too much of her personal emotion sometimes quite negative in her writing. That makes reader feel bored and also lose in her thoughts.
Eventually, I think she achieved to a certain level of right meditation, The first half of the book is quite neat and the author raised some important questions of philosophy foundation, of consciousness and Zen.
Eventually, I think she achieved to a certain level of right meditation, and some important questions were raised for her audiences to contemplate:"am I conscious now? The feedback from her Zen master - Mr. John - is quite worth reading. And the title of the book, to me, is too ambitious. Aug 05, Rydh rated it liked it Shelves: non-fiction.
I would like to suggest that this book could serve as a manual for the exploration of one's self, but along the way the author explains how the self does not actually exist. This is orthodox Buddhist dogma but I myself - yes! Socrates is reputed to have said that the unexamined life is not worth living, which I regard as an overly extreme, unharmonious,and therefore unGreeklike position, but I I would like to suggest that this book could serve as a manual for the exploration of one's self, but along the way the author explains how the self does not actually exist.
Socrates is reputed to have said that the unexamined life is not worth living, which I regard as an overly extreme, unharmonious,and therefore unGreeklike position, but I can certainly agree that an examined life is a richer, more complex life.
That said, this well-written and intriguing book presents the most basic questions as the tools by which one can examine one's life.